Research Article

The Relationship Between Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss and Blood Groups


  • Muhammet Yıldız
  • Nuray Ensari
  • Nevreste Didem Sonbay Yılmaz
  • Özer Erdem Gür

Received Date: 07.04.2020 Accepted Date: 19.04.2020 J Ankara Univ Fac Med 2020;73(2):183-186


The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and blood groups.

Materials and Methods:

A retrospective chart review was conducted in our hospital to analyze 201 patients with SNHL and 229 individuals with normal hearing. The ABO blood groups and Rh antigen distributions of the study and control groups were analyzed. The statistical comparison was made between the both groups.


Of 201 patients included in the study group, 136 were female and 65 were male. Of 229 individuals included in the control group, 134 were male and 95 were female. In the study group, 114 patients were affected in the left ear and 87 patients in the right ear. A Rh + blood group was the most common in both groups. There was no statistically significant difference in the comparison of blood groups between study and control groups (p>0.05).


ABO blood groups and Rh antigen were not a risk factor in patients with SNHL.

Keywords: Blood Group, Rh Antigen, Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Full Text (Turkish)